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Salem Witchcraft Papers

Case Files

SWP No. 125


(See also: Sarah Good -- Examination, Mittimus and Report .)

SWP No. BoySal3-3.50

(Warrant vs. Tituba and Sarah Osborne )

Salem febr' the 29'th day. 1691/2

Whereas m'rs Joseph Hutcheson Thomas putnam Edward putnam and Thomas preston Yeomen of Salem Village, in the County of Essex. personally appeared before us, And made Complaint on behalfe of theire Majesties against Sarah Osburne the wife of Alexa' Osburne of Salem Village afores'd, and titibe an Indian Woman servant, of mr. Sam'l parris of s'd place also; for Suspition of Witchcraft, by them Committed and thereby much injury do[nbar ] to Elizabeth Parris Abigail Williams Anna putnam and Elizabeth Hubert all of Salem Village afores'd Sundry times with in this two moneths and Lately also done, at s'd Salem Village Contrary to the peace and Laws of our Sov'r Lord & Lady Wm & Mary of England &c King & Queene

You are there fore in theire Maj'ts names hereby required to apprehend and forthwith or as soon as may be bring before us the aboves'd Sarah Osburne , and titibe Indian, at the house of Lt. Nath'l Ingersalls in s'd place. and if it may be by to Morrow aboute ten of the Clock in the morning then and there to be Examined Relateing to the aboves'd premises --. You are likewise required to bring at the same tyme Eliz. parris Abig'l Williams Anna putnam and Eliz Hubert or any other person or persons that can give Evedence in the Aboves'd Case. and hereof you are not to faile

Dated Salem febr' 29 1691/2
*John Hathorne ] Assis'ts
*Jonathan. Corwin ] Assis'ts
To Constable Joseph Herrick Const' in Salem
( Essex County Archives, Salem -- Witchcraft Vol. 1 Page 11 )

SWP No. BoySal3-3.51

(Officer's Return)

according to this warrant I have apprehended the persons with in mentioned and have brought them accordingly and have mad diligent sarch for Images and such like but can find non

Salem village this 1. march 1691/92

p me *Joseph Herrick Constable

( Essex County Archives, Salem -- Witchcraft Vol. 1 Page 11 )

SWP No. BoySal3-3.52

(Summary of Examinations of Tituba , Sarah Good , and Sarah Osborne )

Salem Village March 1'st 1691

Titiba an Indian Woman brought before us by Const' Jos Herrick of Salem upon Suspition of Witchcraft by her Commited according to the Compl't of Jos. Hutcheson & Thomas putnam &c of Salem Village as appeares p Warrant granted Salem 29 febr'y 1691/2 Titiba upon Examination and after some denyall acknowledged the matter of fact according to her Examination given in more fully will appeare and who also charged Sarah Good and Sarah Osburne with the same Salem Village March the 1'th 1691/2

Sarah Good Sarah Osborne and Titiba an Indian Woman all of Salem Village Being this day brought before us upon Suspition of Witchcraft &c by them and Every one of them Committed. titiba an Indian Woman acknowledging the matter of fact. and Sarah Osburne and Sarah Good denying the same before us: but there appeareing in all theire Examinations sufficient Ground to secure them all. And in order to further Examination they Ware all p mittimus sent to the Goales in the County of Essex.

Salem March 2'd Sarah Osburne againe Examined and also titiba as will appear in their Examinations given in

titiba againe acknowledged the fact & also accuse the other two. Salem March 3'd Sarah Osburn and titiba Indian againe Examined the Examination now Given in

titiba againe s'd the same

Salem March 5'th Sarah Good and titiba againe Examined. & in theire Examination titiba acknowledg the same she did formerly and accused the other two-aboves'd --

titiba againe s'd the same

p. us. *John Hathorne ] Assis'ts

*Jonathan. Corwin ] Assis'ts

( Essex County Archives, Salem -- Witchcraft Vol. 1 Page 7 )

SWP No. BoySal3-3.53

(Examination of Tituba )

The Examination of Titibe

(H) Titibe what evil spirit have you familiarity with

(T) none

(H) why do you hurt these children

(T) I do not hurt them

(H) who is it then

(T) the devil for ought I know

(H) did you never see the devil.

(T) the devil came to me and bid me serve him

(H) who have you seen

(T) 4 women sometimes hurt the children

(H) who were they?

(T) goode Osburn and Sarah good and I doe not know who the other were Sarah good and Osburne would have me hurt the children but I would not shee furder saith there was a tale man of Boston that shee did see

(H) when did you see them

(T) Last night at Boston

(H) what did they say to you they said hurt the children

(H) and did you hurt them

(T) no there is 4 women and one man they hurt the children and then lay all upon me and they tell me if I will not hurt the children they will hurt me

(H) but did you not hurt them

(T) yes, but I will hurt them no more

(H) are you not sorry you did hurt them.

(T) yes.

(H) and why then doe you hurt them

(T) they say hurt children or wee will doe worse to you

(H) what have you seen a man come to me and say serve me

(H) what service

(T) hurt the children and last night there was an appearance that said Kill the children and if I would no go on hurting the children they would do worse to me

(H) what is this appearance you see

(T) sometimes it is like a hog and some times like a great dog this appearance shee saith shee did see 4 times

(H) what did it say to you

(T) the black dog said serve me but I said I am a fraid he said if I did not he would doe worse to me

(H) what did you say to it

(T) I will serve you no longer then he said he would hurt me and then he lookes like a man and threatens to hurt me shee said that this man had a yellow bird that keept with him and he told me he had more pretty things that he would give me if I would serve him

(H) what were these pretty things

(T) he did not show me them

(H) what else have you seen

(T) two cats, a red cat and a black cat

(H) what did they say to you

(T) they said serve me

(H) when did you see them

(T) Last night and they said serve me but shee said I would not

(H) what service

(T) shee said hurt the children

(H) did you not pinch Elizabeth Hubbard this morning

(T) the man brought her to me and made me pinch her

(H) why did you goe to thomas putnams Last night and hurt his child

(T) they pull and hall me and make goe

(H) and what would have you doe Kill her with a knif Left. fuller and others said at this time when the child saw these persons and was tormented by them that she did complain of a knif that they would have her cut her head off with a knife

(H) how did you go

(T) we ride upon stickes and are there presently

(H) doe you goe through the trees or over them

(T) we see no thing but are there presently

(H) why did you not tell your master

(T) I was a fraid they said they would cut off my head if I told

(H) would not you have hurt others if you could

(T) they said they would hurt others but they could not

(H) what attendants hath Sarah good

(T) a yellow bird and shee would have given me one

(H) what meate did she give it

(T) it did suck her between her fingers

(H) Did not you hurt mr Currins child

(T) goode good and goode Osburn told that they did hurt mr Currens child and would have had me hurt him two but I did not

(H) what hath Sarah Osburn

(T) yesterday shee had a thing with a head like a woman with 2 leggs and wings Abigail williams that lives with her uncle mr Parris said that shee did see this same creature and it turned into the shape of goode osburn

(H) what else have you seen with g osburn

(T) an other thing hairy it goes upright like a man it hath only 2 leggs

(H) did you not see Sarah good upon elisebeth Hubbar last Saturday

(T) I did see her set a wolfe upon her to afflict her the persons with this maid did say that shee did complain of a wolf

(T) shee furder said that shee saw a cat with good at another time

(H) what cloathes doth the man go in

(T) he goes in black clouthes a tal man with white hair I thinke

(H) how doth the woman go

(T) in a white whood and a black whood with a tup knot

(H) doe you see who it is that torments these children now

(T) yes it is goode good she hurts them in her own shape

(H) & who is it that hurts them now

(T) I am blind noe I cannot see

Salem Village

March the 1't 1691/2

written by

Ezekiell Chevers
Salem Village March the 1't 1691/2
( Essex County Archives, Salem -- Witchcraft Vol. 1 Page 6 )

SWP No. BoySal3-3.54

(Examination of Tituba -- A Second Version)

Tittuba the Ind'n Woem'ns Examn March. 1. 1691/2

Q. why doe you hurt these poor Children? whatt harme have thay done unto you? A. thay doe noe harme to me I noe hurt them att all. Q. why have you done itt? A. I have done nothing; I Can't tell when the Devill works Q. what doth the Devill tell you that he hurts them A. noe he tells me nothing. Q. doe you never see Something appeare in Some shape? A. noe never See any thing. Q. whatt familiarity have you w'th the devill, or w't is itt if you Converse w'th all? tell the truth whoe itt is that hurts them A. the Devill for ought I know. Q. w't appearanc or how doth he appeare when he hurts them, w'th w't shape or what is he like that hurts them A. like a man I think yesterday I being in the Lentoe Chamber I saw a thing like a man, that tould me Searve him & I tould him noe I would nott doe Such thing. she charges Goody Osburne & Sarah Good as those that hurt the Children, and would have had hir done itt, she sayth she Seen foure two of w'ch she knew nott she saw them last night as she was washing the Roome, thay tould me hurt the Children & would have had me gone to Boston, ther was.5. of them w'th the man, they tould me if I would nott goe & hurt them they would doe soe to mee att first I did agree w'th them butt afterward I tould them I doe soe noe more. Q. would they have had you hurt the Children the Last Night A. yes, butt I was Sorry & I sayd, I would doe Soe noe more, but tould I would feare God. Q. butt why did nott you doe Soe before? A. why they tell mee I had done Soe before & therefore I must goe on, these were the.4.woemen & the man, butt she knew none butt Osburne & Good only, the others were of Boston. Q. att first begining w'th them, w't then appeared to you w't was itt like that Got you to doe itt A. one like a man Just as I was goeing to sleep Came to me this was when the Children was first hurt he sayd he would kill the Children & she would never be well, and he Sayd if I would nott Serve him he would do soe to mee Q. is that the Same man that appeared before to you that appeared the last night & tould you this? A. yes. Q. w't Other likenesses besides a man hath appeared to you? A. Sometimes like a hogge Sometimes like a great black dogge, foure tymes. Q. but w't did they Say unto you? A. they tould me Serve him & that was a good way; that was the black dogge I tould him I was afrayd, he tould me he would be worse then to me. Q. w't did you say to him after that? A. I answer I will Serve you noe Longer he tould me he would doe me hurt then. Q. w't other Creatures have you seene A. a bird Q. w't bird? A. a little yellow Bird. Q. where doth itt keep? A. w'th the man whoe hath pretty things there besides. Q. what other pretty things? A. he hath nott showed them [yet] unto me, butt he s'd he would show them me tomorrow, and he tould me if I would Serve him I should have the Bird. Q. w't other Creatures did you see? A. I saw 2 Catts, one Red, another black as bigge as a little dogge. Q. w't did these Catts doe? A. I dont know; I have seen them two tymes. Q. w't did they say? A. thay say serve them. Q. when did you see them? A. I saw them last night. Q. did they doe any hurt to you or threaten you? A. they did scratch me. Q. when? A. after prayer; and scratched mee, because I would not serve them and when they went away I could nott see but thay stood before the fire. Q. what Service doe thay Expect fro you? A. they Say more hurt to the Children. Q. how did you pinch them when you hurt them? A. the other pull mee & hall me to the pinch the Childr, & I am very sorry for itt, what made you hould yo'r arme when you were Searched? w't had you there? A. I had nothing Q. doe nott those Catts suck you? A. noe never yett I would nott lett them but they had almost thrust me into the fire. Q. how doe you hurt those that you pinch? doe you gett those Catts? or other thing to doe it for you? tell us, how is it done? A. the man sends the Catts to me & bids me pinch them, & I think I went over to mr Grigg's & have pinched hir this day in the morning. the man brought mr Grigg's mayd to me & made me pinch hir. Q. did you ever goe w'th these woemen? A. they are very strong & pull me & make me goe w'th them. Q. where did you goe? A. up to mr putnams & make me hurt the Child. Q. whoe did make you goe? A. man that is very strong & these two woeman, Good & Osburne but I am Sorry. Q. how did you goe? Whatt doe you Ride upon? A. I Rid upon a stick or poale & Good & Osburne behind me we Ride takeing hold of one another don't know how we goe for I Saw noe trees nor path, but was presently there. when wee were up. Q. how long Since you began to pinch mr parriss Children? A. I did nott pinch them att the first, butt he make me afterward. Q. have you Seen Good and osburne Ride upon a poule? A. yes & have held fast by mee: I was nott att mr Grigg's but once, butt it may be Send Something like mee, with or would I have gone, butt that they tell me, they will hurt me; last night they Tell me I must kill Some body w'th the knife. Q. who were they that told you Soe A. Sarah Good & Osburne & they would have had me killed Thomas putnam's Child last night. the Child alsoe affirmed that att the Same tyme thay would have had hir Cutt #[hir own throat] of hir own head for if she would nott then tould hir Tittubee would Cutt itt off & then she Complayned att the Same Time of a knife Cutting of hir when hir master hath asked hir about these things she sayth thay will nott lett hir tell, butt Tell hir if she Tells hir head shall be Cutt off. Q. whoe Tells you Soe? A. the man, Good & Osburnes Wife . Goody Goody Came to hir last night w'n hir master was att prayr & would not lett hir hear & she Could not hear a good whyle. Good hath one of these birds the yellow bird & would have given mee itt, but I would not have itt & prayer tyme she stoped my eares & would nott lett me hear. Q. w't should you have done with itt A. give itt to the Children. w'ch yellow bird hath bin severall tymes Seen by the Children I saw Sarah Good have itt on hir hand when she Came to hir when mr parris was att prayr: I saw the bird suck Good betwene the fore finger & Long finger upon the Right hand. Q. did you never practise witch-craft in your owne Country? A. Noe Never before now. Q. did you #[ever] See them doe itt now? A. yes. to day, butt that was in the morneing. Q. butt did you see them doe itt now while you are Examining. A. noe I did nott See them butt I Saw them hurt att other tymes. I saw Good have a Catt beside the yellow bird w'ch was with hir Q. what hath Osburne gott to goe w'th hir? Some thing I dont know what itt is. I can't name itt, I don't know how itt looks she hath two of them one of them hath wings & two Leggs & a head like a woeman the Children Saw the Same butt yesterday w'ch afterward turned into a woeman. Q. What is the other Thing that Goody Osburne hath? A. a thing all over hairy, all the face hayry & a long nose & I don't know how to tell how the face looks w'th two Leggs, itt goeth upright & is about two or three foot high & goeth upright like a man & last night itt stood before the fire In mr parris's hall. Q. Whoe was that appeared like a Wolfe to Hubberd as she was goeing fro proctures? A. itt was Sarah Good & I saw hir Send the Wolfe to hir. Q. what Cloathes doth the man appeare unto you in? A. black Cloaths Some times, Some times Searge Coat of other Couler, a Tall man w'th white hayr, I think. Q. What apparrell doe the woeman ware? A. I don't know w't couller. Q. What Kind of Cloathes hath she? A. I don't know w't couller. Q. What kind of Cloathes hath she? A. a black Silk hood w'th a White Silk hood under itt, w'th top knotts, w'ch woeman I know not but have Seen hir in boston when I lived there. Q. what Cloathes the little woeman? A. A Searge Coat w'th a White Cap as I think. the Children having fits att this Very time she was asked whoe hurt them, she Ans'r Goody Good & the Children affirmed the same butt Hubbard being taken in an extreame fit after she was asked whoe hurt hir & she Sayd she Could nott tell, but sayd they blinded hir, & would nott lett hir see and after that was once or twice taken dumb hirself.

SWP No. BoySal3-3.55

Second Examination. March. 2 1691/2

Q. What Covenant did you make w'th that man that Came to you? What did he tell you. A. he Tell me he god, & I must beleive him & Serve him Six yeares & he would give me many fine things. Q. how long a gone was this? A. about Six weeks & a little more fryday night before Abigall was Ill. Q w't did he Say you must doe more? did he Say you must write anything? did he offer you any paper? A. yes, the Next time he Come to me & showed me some fine things, Some thing like Creatures, a little bird something like green & white. Q. did you promiss him then when he spake to you then what did you answer him A. I then sayd this I tould him I Could nott believe him God, I tould him I ask my maister & would have gone up but he stopt mee & would nott lett me Q. whatt did you promiss him? A. the first tyme I beleive him God & then he was Glad. Q. what did he Say to you then? what did he Say you must doe? A. then he tell me they must meet together. Q. w'n did he Say you must meet together. A. he tell me wednesday next att my m'rs house, & then they all meet together & thatt night I saw them all stand in the Corner, all four of them, & the man stand behind mee & take hold of mee to make mee stand still in the hall. Q. where was your master then? A. in the other Room. Q. What time of Night? A. a little before prayr time. Q. What did this man Say to you when he took hold of you? A. he Say goe & doe hurt to them and pinch them & then I went in, & would nott hurt them a good while, I would nott hurt Betty, I loved Betty, but they hall me & make me pinch Betty & the next Abigall & then quickly went away altogether & I pinched them. Q. did they pinch A. Noe, but they all lookt on & See mee pinch them. Q. did you goe into that Room in your own person & all the rest? A. yes, and my master did nott See us, for they would nott lett my Master See. Q. did you goe w'th the Company? A. Noe I stayd & the Man stayd w'th mee. Q. whatt did he then to you? A. he tell me my master goe to prayer & he read in book & he ask me what I remember, but don't you remember anything. Q. did he ask you noe more but the first time to Serve him or the secon time? A. yes, he ask me againe, & that I Serve him, Six yeares & he Come the Next time & show me a book. A. and when would he come then? A. the next fryday & showed me a book in the day time betimes in the morneing. Q. and what Booke did he Bring a great or little booke? A. he did nott show it me, nor would nott, but had itt in his pockett. Q. did nott he make you write yo'r Name? A. noe nott yett for mistris Called me into the other roome. Q. whatt did he say you must doe in that book? A. he Sayd write & sett my name to itt. Q. did you write? A. yes once I made a marke in the Booke & made itt with red Bloud. Q. did he gett itt out of your Body? A. he Said he must gett itt out the Next time he Come againe, he give me a pin tyed in a stick to doe itt w'th, butt he noe Lett me bloud w'th itt as yett butt Intended another time when he Come againe. Q. did you See any other marks in his book? A. yes a great many Some marks red, Some yellow, he opened his booke a great many marks in itt. Q. did he tell you the Names of them? A. yes of two note more Good & Osburne & he Say thay make them marks in that book & he showed them mee. Q. how many marks doe you think there was? A. Nine. Q. did they write there Names? A. thay made marks Goody Good Sayd she made hir mark, butt Goody Osburne would nott tell she was Cross to mee. Q. when did Good tell you, She Sett hir hand to the Book? A. the same day I Came hither to prison. Q. did you See the man thatt morneing? A. yes a litle in the morneing & he tell me the Magistrates Come up to Exa[mbar ][spacebar ]in mee. Q. w't did he Say you must Say? A. he tell me, tell nothing, if I did he would Cutt my head off. Q. tell us [tru] how many woemen doe use to Come when you Rid abroad? A. foure of them these two Osburne & Good & those two strangers. Q. you Say that there was Nine did he tell you whoe they were? A. noe he noe lett me See but he tell me I should See them the next tyme Q. what sights did you see A. I see a man, a dogge, a hogge, & two Catts a black and Red & the strange monster was Osburne that I mentioned before this was was the hayry Imp. the man would give itt to mee, but I would nott have itt. Q. did he show you in the Book w'ch was Osburne & w'ch was Goods mark? A. yes I see there marks. Q. butt did he tell the Names of the other? A. noe s'r Q & what did he say to you when you made your Mark? A. he sayd Serve mee & always Serve mee the man w'th the two women Came fro Boston. Q. how many times did you goe to Boston? A. I was goeing & then Came back againe I was never att Boston. Q. whoe Came back w'th you againe? A. the man Came back w'th mee & the woemen goe awaÿy, I was nott willing to goe? Q. how farr did you goe, to what Towne? A. I never went to any Towne I see noe trees, noe Towne. Q. did he tell you where the Nine Lived? A. yes, Some in Boston & Some herein this Towne, but he would nott tell mee wher thay were, X

( New York Public Library -- Manuscripts and Archives Division )

SWP No. BoySal3-3.56

(Indictment v. Tituba )

Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England Essex ss ]

At a Court of Asisise & Generall Goale Delivery held in Ipswich for the County of Essex aforesaid the Ninth Day of May 1693. In the fifth Yeare of their Maj'ts Reigne

The Jurors for o'r Sov'r Lord & Lady the King & Queen pr'sent --

That Tittapa an Indian Woman Servant to mr Samuel Parris of Salem village in the County of Essex -- aforesaid -- upon or about the latter end of the Yeare 1691 In the Towne of Salem Village afors'd Wickedly & felloniously A Covenant with the Devill did make & Signed the Devills Booke with a marke like A:C by which Wicked Covenanting with the Devill she the Said Tittapa is become A detestable Witch Against the peace of o'r Sov'r lord & lady the King & Queen their Crowne & Dignity & the lawes in that Case made & provided.

(On reverse side of paper)


*Abraham Haseltine

foreman of the Grand Jury

( Suffolk Court Records, Case No. 2760 Page 102 )

SWP No. BoySal3-3.57

(Elizabeth Hubbard v. Tituba )

The Deposistion of Elizabeth Hubbard agged about 17 years who testifieth that on the 25'th february 1691/92 I saw the Apperishtion of Tituba Indian which did Immediatly most greviously torment me by pricking pinching and almost choaking me: and so continewed hurting me most greviously by times tell the day of hir examination being the first of march and then also at the beginning of hir examination but as soon as she began to confess she left ofe hurting me and has hurt me but litle sence

(Reverse) Eliz: Hubbard contra Titaba

( Essex County Archives, Salem -- Witchcraft Vol. 1 Page 11 )

SWP No. BoySal3-3.58

(Ann Putnam, Jr. v. Tituba )

The deposition of Ann putnam who testifieth and saith that on the 25'th of february 1691/92 I saw the Apperishtion of Tituba Mr. parishes Indian woman which did tortor me most greviously by pricking and pinching me most dreadfully tell the first day of march being the day of hir examination and then also most greviously allso at the beginning of hir examination: but senc she confessed she has hurt me but little

(Reverse) Ann putnam ag'st Tittuba Indian

( Essex County Archives, Salem -- Witchcraft Vol. 1 Page 11 )

SWP No. BoySal3-3.59

( Samuel Parris v. Tituba )

The Deposition of Sam: Parris aged about thirty & nine years testifyeth & saith that Eliz: Parris junr & Abigail Williams & Ann Putnam junr & Eliz: Hubbard were most grevously & severall times tortured during the examination of Sarah Good, Sarah Osburne & Tituba Indian before the Magistrates at Salem village I. March. 1691/2 And the said Tituba being the last of the abovesaid that was examined they the aboves'd afflicted persons were grievously distressed until the said Indian began to confess & then they were immediately all quiet the rest of the said Indian womans examination.

( Essex County Archives, Salem -- Witchcraft Vol. 1 Page 11 )

SWP No. BoySal3-3.60

( Thomas Putnam & Ezekiel Cheever v. Tituba )

Also Tho: Putman aged about fourty years & Ezek: Cheevers aged about thirty & six years testify to the whole of the aboves'd & all the three deponents aforesaid farther testify that after the said Indian began to confess she was her self very much afflicted & in the face of authority at the same time & openly charged the abovesaid Good & Osburne as the persons that afflicted her the aforesaid Indian

Sworne Salem May the 23'd 1692 Before us * John Hathorne

*Jonathan. Corwin

P ord'r of the Govern'r & Councill

mr paris on his oath owned this to be the truth before the Juryars for inquest this 28 of Jun: 1692

Jurat in Curia
(Reverse) The depion of S. Parris Tho putnam & Ezek Cheevers
ag't [ Sarah Good
ag't [ Sarah Osburne
ag't [ Tituba Indian
( Essex County Archives, Salem -- Witchcraft Vol. 1 Page 11 )