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SWP No. 37.18

(The Examination of Giles Cory)

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[April 19, 1692 ]

The examination of GILES CORY, at a Court at Salem
Village, held by John Hathorn and Jona. Curwin, Esqrs.
April 19, 1692.

Giles Cory, you are brought before authority upon high
suspicion of sundry acts of witchcraft; now tell us the
truth in this matter.

I hope through the goodness of God I shall, for that
matter I never had no hand in, in my life.
Which of you have seen this man hurt you?
Mary Wolcott, Mercy Lewis, Ann Putnam, jr. and Abi- gail Williams affirmed he had hurt them

Hath he hurt you too? speaking to Elizabeth Hubbard.
She going to answer was prevented by a fit.
Benjamin Gold, hath he hurt you?
I have seen him several times, and been hurt after it,
but cannot affirm that it was he.
Hath he brought the book to any of you?
Mary Wolcott and Abigail Williams and others affirmed
he had brought the book to them.

Giles Cory, they accuse you, or your appearance, of
hurting them, and bringing the book to them. What do
you say? Why do you hurt them? Tell us the truth.
I never did hurt them.
It is your appearance hurts them, they charge you; tell
us what you have done.
I have done nothing to damage them.

Have you ever entered into contract with the devil?
I never did.
What temptations have you had?
I never had temptations in my life.
What, have you done it without temptations?

What was the reason (said goodwife Bibber) that you
were frighted in the cow-house? and then the questionist
was suddenly seized with a violent fit.

Samuel Braybrook, goodman Bibber , and his daughter,
testified that he had told them this morning that he was
frighted in the cow-house.
Cory denied it.
This was not your appearance but your person, and you
told them so this morning: why do you deny it?
What did you see in the cow-house?
I never saw nothing but my cattle.
Divers witnessed that he told them he was frighted.
Well, what do you say to these witnesses? What was
it frighted you?
I do not know that ever I spoke the word in my life.
Tell the truth, what was it frighted you?
I do not know any thing that frighted me.

All the afflicted were seized now with fits, and troubled
with pinches. Then the court ordered his hands to be tied.
What, is it not enough to act witchcraft at other times,
but must you do it now in the face of authority?
I am a poor creature, and cannot help it.
Upon the motion of his head again, they had their heads
and necks afflicted.

Why do you tell such wicked lies against witnesses, that
heard you speak after this manner, this very morning?
I never saw any thing but a black hog.
You said that you were stopt once in prayer; what
stopt you?
I cannot tell; my wife came towards me and found fault
with me for saying living to God and dying to sin.

What was it frighted you in the barn?
I know nothing frighted me there.
Why here are three witnesses that heard you say so
to-day.
I do not remember it.

Thomas Gold testified that he heard him say, that he
knew enough against his wife, that would do her business.
What was it that you knew against your wife?
Why that of living to God, and dying to sin.
The Marshal and Bibber's daughter confirmed the same,
that he said he could say that that would do his wife's
business.

I have said what I can say to that.
What was that about your ox?
I thought he was hipt.

What ointment was that your wife had when she was
seized? You said it was ointment she made by major Gidney's direction.
He denied it, and said she had it of goody Bibber, or
from her direction.
Goody Bibber said it is not like that ointment.
You said you knew, upon your own knowledge, that she
had it of major Gidney.
He denied it.

Did not you say, when you went to the ferry with your
wife, you would not go over to Boston now, for you should
come yourself the next week?
I would not go over, because I had not money.
The Marshal testified he said as before.

One of his hands was let go, and several were afflicted.
He held his head on one side, and then the heads of seve-
ral of the afflicted were held on one side. He drew in
his cheeks, and the cheeks of some of the afflicted were
suckt in.

John Bibber and his wife gave testimony concerning
some temptations he had to make away with himself.
How doth this agree with what you said, that you had
no temptations?
I meant temptation to witchcraft.
If you can give away to self murther, that will make way
to temptation to witchcraft.

Note. There was witness by several, that he said he
would make away with himself, and charge his death up-
on his son.
Goody Bibber testified that the said Cory called said
Bibber's husband, damn'd, devilish rogue.
Other vile expressions testified in open court by several
others.

Salem Village, April 19, 1692.
Mr. Samuel Parris being desired to take in writing the
examination of Giles Cory , delivered it in; and upon hear-
ing the same, and seeing what we did see at the time of his
examination, together with the charge of the afflicted persons
against him, we committed him to their majesties' gaol.
John Hathorn.

Robert Calef, More Wonders of the Invisible World. London (1700), reprinted in (Salem: John D. & T.C. Cushing, Jr. Cushing & Appleton, 1823): 310-312.